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Advanced Glaucoma Surgery

Glaucoma Treatment in Brisbane, Booval, Wynnum, & Aspley

One of the biggest threats to healthy eyes and clear vision is a disease called glaucoma. Commonly known as “the silent thief of sight,” glaucoma often develops without any warning signs until it is too late to preserve vision. This is one reason why the ophthalmologists and optometrists at The Eye Health Centre encourage you to undergo regular eye exams to look for signs of glaucoma and other diseases. When glaucoma is caught early, we can manage it through a variety of advanced solutions.

Glaucoma Symptoms Diagram

Understanding Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a group of diseases affecting the optic nerve, which communicates information from the eye to the brain. Many cases of glaucoma are caused by uncontrolled pressure inside the eye, referred to as intraocular pressure.

To understand intraocular pressure, consider that a healthy eye constantly produces fluid to keep itself nourished, and has a built-in drainage system for fluid to exit the eye. If the eye produces too much fluid too quickly, or the drainage system malfunctions, fluid builds up and causes an increase in pressure inside the eye. Eventually, the pressure can damage the optic nerve and lead to permanent, irreversible vision loss.

Types of Glaucoma

Open-Angle Glaucoma

In the most common type of glaucoma, primary open-angle glaucoma, the drainage system or angle remains open but narrows (similar to a clogged drain). This slows the natural drainage of fluid from the eye. With open-angle glaucoma, intraocular pressure rises slowly, and any warning signs, like blind spots in peripheral vision, halos around lights and increased sensitivity to light, are usually very subtle. It is often difficult to detect open-angle glaucoma without a dilated eye exam.

Angle-Closure Glaucoma

In the less-common angle-closure glaucoma, the eye’s drainage angle closes suddenly, causing an immediate spike in intraocular pressure. This produces noticeable, intense symptoms such as severe headaches, blurred vision, eye pain and nausea or vomiting. Angle-closure glaucoma is considered a medical emergency and can cause permanent blindness if not treated immediately.

Glaucoma Treatment Options

Glaucoma Treatment in Brisbane, Booval, Wynnum, & AspleyIf you have been diagnosed with glaucoma, there is no permanent cure. But treatment options such as medication, laser or traditional surgery or minimally invasive surgery can help slow the disease’s progression and prevent you from losing precious vision.

Medicated Eye Drops

The most common treatment option for glaucoma is the regular use of medicated eye drops. Some drops reduce the amount of fluid your eye produces, and others improve the way fluid drains from your eye. Our eye doctors can recommend the best drop or combination of drops for your specific circumstances.

Laser or Traditional Surgery

If eye drops fail to keep your intraocular pressure under control, or the drops cause uncomfortable side effects, our doctors may recommend surgery. Using a laser or traditional surgical instruments, we can create new pathways for fluid to drain from your eyes, thereby lowering intraocular pressure.

Minimally Invasive Glaucoma Surgery (MIGS)

Our team also offers a group of minimally invasive glaucoma surgeries that use small incisions and tiny instruments to improve the way fluid exits your eye and regulate your intraocular pressure.

For example, we can insert a tiny stent device, measuring approximately 1 mm in length (about the size of the tip of a ballpoint pen), into your eye to ensure a constant flow of fluid out of the eye. This stent and other similar devices cannot be seen or felt. The recovery from these procedures is quick compared to other types of surgery. In many cases, minimally invasive glaucoma surgery can reduce or eliminate the use of medicated eye drops.

For more information about the diagnosis or treatment of glaucoma, please contact The Eye Health Centre. We have four offices conveniently located in Brisbane, Booval, Aspley and Wynnum.